The CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) began in 2011. The stated goal of the research program on CCAFS is “to promote a food-secure
world through the provision of science-based efforts that support sustainable agriculture and enhance livelihoods while adapting to climate change and conserving natural resources and
environmental services.” To help achieve this goal, CCAFS has been divided into four themes: (1) adaptation to progressive climate change, (2) adaptation through managing climate risk, (3) pro-poor climate mitigation, and (4) integration for decision making. Phase two of CCAFS began in mid-2015. The original themes of CCAFS were replaced at this time by four flagship programs: (1) climate-smart agricultural practices, (2) climate information services and climate-informed safety nets, (3) low-emissions agricultural development, and (4) policies and institutions for climate-resilient food systems. Along with innovation and knowledge, gender is considered as one of the cross-cutting themes regarded as important for each of the main CCAFS flagship research programs. The purpose of including gender as a cross-cutting theme is to have a positive impact on social inclusion for the rural poor by providing relevant gender analyses across the programs. Recognizing gender as an important aspect of the CCAFS flagship research programs implies that the varying magnitude of vulnerabilities of men and women to climate change, including access to agricultural resources and information, can exacerbate poverty and further worsen existing gender disparities. The Policy Information and Response Platform on Climate Change and Rice in ASEAN and its Member Countries Project (PIRCCA) is one of the trial projects funded under Flagship 4. PIRCCA has an overarching goal to enable policymakers in ASEAN countries to make informed decisions on (1) food security policies focusing on the supply and availability of rice, (2) climate change adaptation policies, and (3) gender action plans. The PIRCCA project has Myanmar and Vietnam as its primary focus areas. Ideally, the PIRCCA project would have been implemented in all ASEAN countries. However, resource constraints dictated that PIRCCA be implemented on a smaller scale. As such, Vietnam and Myanmar were selected as the target areas for the PIRCCA project. This decision was based largely on the variation in the rice sectors between the two countries. Vietnam, the second-largest rice exporter in the world, has a very well developed rice economy. Conversely, Myanmar’s rice economy is less developed compared to many of its ASEAN neighbors. This dichotomy between the two countries allowed for analysis to be conducted concurrently on the rice sectors at two very different levels of development. This report, which forms part of the PIRCCA project outputs, focuses on the results of the survey
conducted in the first half of 2015 on climate change perception and adaptation strategies of male and female farmers in three selected provinces in Vietnam: An Giang, Bac Lieu, and Tra
2 Vihn. The survey seeks to gather information on current climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies and gaps between the identified male and female respondents. The findings of the survey, along with the outcomes of other PIRCCA activities, are instrumental in PIRCCA’s efforts in influencing the crafting of gender-responsive food security policies for Vietnam.
The focus of this study was to first gather information on climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies in Vietnam. Second, this survey was implemented to look for information
gaps, perception gaps, or differences in adaptation strategies between men and women. The survey design was such that the husband and the wife of a household were interviewed separately on topics such as climate variability, climate stress and resulting changes, climate stress and impacts, and adaptation and coping strategies.